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Terminologie "S"


Serpentine Eight Figure - A figure employing three circles, the first half circle executed from a take-off in the middle circle, followed by another take-off and skating the full circle. One full repetition consists of a strike-off, half circle, take-off, full circle, take-off, half circle, take-off, full circle. Serpentine Figure - A figure employing three circles, one and one-half circles being executed on each take-off with a change of edge after the first half circle. This may or may not involve turns.
Shoot-the-Duck Tuck - See Tuck. Short Axis - see Axis.
Shoulders - The entry and exit arcs of a one foot turn or loop. Showmanship - The ability of a skater to present a free skating performance in a favorable and entertaining manner.
Side Pressure - A primary source of momentum employing pressure against the side of the skate,which is becoming unemployed. The term “Side Push” often is used to mean Side Pressure. Single Jump - See Jump.
Salchow - A Full Turn Jump from a LIB take-off, counterclockwise rotation, to a ROB landing (no toe-stop assist on take-off or landing). Can also be done from a RIB take-off, clockwise rotation, to a LOB landing. Sanctioned - Explicit written permission, authorization, confirmation, or recognition of any action by a member or associate member of an organization by the National Governing Body of that organization
School Figure - Compulsory Figures, see Figure. Scissor - The act of moving the legs in opposite directions then returning them to the original position.
Score - The total of grades given by an individual judge to a skater or team for the requirements of an event of a contest. Same as Mark. Scoring a. The act of recording and tabulating the marks of the judges in a contest or event of a contest and determining the results of such contest or event. b. The assigning by the judge of individual grades to the various contestants or contestant teams in an event of a contest. Secondary Footwork - See Footwork.
Secondary Movement - A combination of edges involving a two-foot turn. Sequence - A related series of steps or turns.
Set In - The pattern formed by the entrance and exit shoulders of a loop figure. Set-Up Jump - See Jump.
Shadow Skating - In pairs, skating movements done simultaneously by partners without contact. Shoot-the-Duck - A forward or backward movement on any edge or flat with the body bent in sitting position with one leg extended out in front of the body.
Singles - Free skating performed by individuals. Sit Spin - See Spin.
Size - The official dimension of circles measured by diameter, inscribed on the skating surface for use in skating of figures. Official sizes permitted are: Standard competition figure 6 meters; Loop Figures 2.4 meters. Skating Knee - See Employed Knee.
Skating Order - The sequence in which contestants are to perform the required parts of a contest. Skating Surface - The area designated for a skating performance with boundaries on all sides. Also called floor. 15
Slide - A step where the free foot (4 wheels) is kept on the surface and moved to a leading position and the employed foot remains directly beneath the body. Slip Step -A progressive with the leg held for two beats. The free leg crosses the trace behind the skating foot.
Spin - A series of continuous revolutions around an axis that passes through a portion of the body. For full credit as an item in a free skating/pairs program, each position of a spin must be held at least three revolutions, the entrances and exits not being counted. 1. Travel Spin - A spin in which the axis moves. 2. Centered Spin - A spin in which the axis is stationary. a. Circle Spin - A spin in which no wheels pivot and the tracing skate creates a small circle no more than one skate length radius around the center on which it revolves. b. Pivot Spin - A spin in which one wheel pivots while the others slide or roll around it. 3. Two Foot Spin (or Two Toe Spin) - A spin requiring both feet for its execution. A two-toe spin uses the front wheels only on both skates. a. Heel-and-Toe - A combination of an IB on one skate and an IF on the other skate with the front wheels of the IF edge and the rear wheels of the IB edge sliding. b. Crossed-Foot - Executed on two outside edges, one forward and one backward, with the heels and knees turned out and the legs crossed below the knees. 4. One Foot Spin - A spin executed on one skate. a. Upright - a spin in which the body remains in a standing position. b. Sit - a spin in which the seat is lower than the employed knee. c. Camel - a spin wherein the body is in a continuous arched line from head through free foot while remaining no less than parallel to the floor. 5. Combination Spin - A spin in which the position is changed or the spinning edge is changed, or both, without involving a change of feet. 6. Change-Foot Spin - A spin, which involves a change of feet. 7. Jump Spin - A spin with a jump as the means of entry. 8. Spin-Jump-Change-Foot - A spin that involves a jump and a change of feet between the component spins. 9. Spin Variation - Any spin that is out-of-the-ordinary in both body positions and unusual methods of spinning. Spin Variation - See Spin.
Spiral a. A curve which constantly approaches or recedes from the center around which it revolves. b. A body position with the body inclined forward and the free leg held parallel to the skating surface. See Arabesque. Split (a) (Dance) - A two foot step where one foot (4 wheels) is kept on the surface and moved to a leading position and the other foot (4 wheels) is moved to a trailing position. (b) (Free Skating) - A leap or jump variation in which the legs are extended away from the body as far as possible. a. Full Split - Hips across the leg line with one leg extended in front and the other in back. b. Straddle Split - Hips in-line with the legs, both legs extended down and outward to the side of the body. c. Russian Split - A Full Split with the legs parallel to the seat and toes pointed upward. Legs are generally in a wide “V” shape in front of the body with arms extended toward the feet. d. Stag Split - Similar to a Scissor Split, except the front leg is bent with the foot brought up under the body.
Spotting - In spinning, the centered axis being stationary in one spot on the skating surface. Spread Eagle - A movement in which the feet are split apart to the side of the body with the toes pointed outward in opposite directions.
Stag - See Split. Stance - A stationary position preceding a start.
Start - The beginning of a movement from a stationary position. Starting Steps - See opening steps.
Statue-of-Liberty - A jump variation in which one hand extends high over the head while the other hand is held tightly across the midsection of the body and bent at the elbow. Steering - An unnatural movement or positioning of any part of the body to control the direction or path of the employed skate.
Step - The transference of body weight from one foot to the other. Step Jump - See Jump.
Stepping Out - An expression for a common error of jumping in which the skater cannot hold balance and/or body control on the landing of a jump and must step to the other foot to regain balance. Steward - A competition official with direct charge over the progression of a portion of an event. a. Record Steward - An official charged with the supervision of play of the recordings used in a free skating event. b. Competitor’s Steward - An official charged with the undelayed succession of competitors in their proper order.
Stiff - Rigid, inflexible, and not easily bent. Impeded flow. Lacking in ease or grace. Straightaway a. The area on the sides of the skating surface, parallel to the barrier, which is the longest linear dimension of the floor. The area of a skating surface of greatest length. b. That part of a dance that is to be skated only in the area of a skating surface of greatest length. b. That part of a dance that is to be skated only in the area of a skating surface of greatest length. 16
Strike-Off - The starting or initial stroke of a figure. Striking Foot - The newly employed skating foot.
Strike Zone - The area along the short axis, one skate length on either side of the long axis where a strike off is correctly performed. Stroke - A step executed so as to impart momentum. a. Placed Stroke - A stroke for which the new tracing foot is placed on the skating surface without a gliding motion. b. Full Stroke - A stroke employing a gliding motion of the new tracing skate.
Stroking - See Cross Over. Strong Beat - See Beat.
Style - The individual expression of the skater or team. In Free Skating/Pairs, expression without requirement. Sub Curve - An unintentional deviation from the arc required.
Superimposition - Successive tracings upon an original tracing. Swing - A controlled movement of the free leg from trailing to leading position or vice versa, with both positions matched as to height from the floor, relation to the body, and relation to the employed skate.
Swing Rocker or Counter - A type of rocker or counter turn in which the free leg is swung forward past the skating foot before the turn is executed. After the turn, the free leg is either swung forward past the skating foot and held over the tracing line or is swung behind the skating foot and held over the tracing line.


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